11 Epigraphs of Violence and Militants

I used 11 epigraphs in Violence and Militants to establish the mood and initiate the subject of the book as a sort of foreshadowing so the reader can glean much from epigraph about the related section. I selected these 11 epigraphs with a specific purpose as an indication or warning to grab the reader quickly and efficiently. The first sentence in each chapter is always related either to the epigraph or the main subject/argument that the epigraph conveys the message. Epigraphs that I used in Violence and Militants open the door to the reader to delve into depth of the central argument. In doing so, I aimed to raise interest, questions, and expectations for the reader. Here, these 11 epigraphs are:

(I) “These violent delights have violent ends, And in their triumph die; like fire and powder, Which, as they kiss, consume.”

William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet, (p. 3 in Violence and Militants)

(II) “Mankind are so much the same, in all times and places, that history informs us of nothing new or strange in this particular. Its chief use is only to discover the constant and universal principles of human nature.”

David Hume, An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding, (p. 23 in Violence and Militants)

(III) “Culture: The cry of men in [the] face of their destiny.”

Albert Camus, Carnets. Mai 1935– mars 1951, (p. 43 in Violence and Militants)

(IV) "To the militant, identity is everything.”

Susan Sontag, Regarding the Pain of Others, (p. 51 in Violence and Militants)

(V) “The more the concept of reason becomes emasculated, the more easily it lends itself to ideological manipulation and to propagation of even the most blatant lies … Subjective reason conforms to anything.”

Max Horkheimer, Eclipse of Reason, (p. 79 in Violence and Militants)

(VI) “All violence consists in some people forcing others, under threat of suffering or death, to do what they do not want to do.”

Leo Tolstoy, The Law of Love and the Law of Violence, (p. 93 in Violence and Militants)

(VII) “The force of circumstances... is stronger than even the strongest government.”

Theodor Mommsen, The History of Rome, (p. 127 in Violence and Militants)

(VIII) “. . . men are not gentle creatures, who want to be loved, who at the most can defend themselves if they are attacked; they are, on the contrary, creatures among whose instinctual endowments is to be reckoned a powerful share of aggressiveness.”

Sigmund Freud, Civilization and its Discontents, (p. 139 in Violence and Militants)

(IX) “Life has no meaning a priori… It is up to you to give it a meaning, and value is nothing but the meaning that you choose.”

Jean-Paul Sartre, Existentialism, (p. 140 in Violence and Militants)

(X) “There were always the words of love, morality, and beauty. But there must have been evil somewhere. Afterwards, why are all these things in conflict? (Is it because of the number of stairs that take them to God?)”

Oğuz Atay, Korkuyu Beklerken (While Waiting for Fear), ( p. 145 in Violence and Militants)

(XI) “Each atom of that stone, each mineral flake of that night-filled mountain, in itself forms a world. The struggle itself toward the heights is enough to fill a man’s heart. One must imagine Sisyphus happy.”

Albert Camus, “The Myth of Sisyphus,” in The Myth of Sisyphus, and Other Essays, (p. 148 in Violence and Militants)